Common packaging and labeling requirements for clothing
1. Folding method, such as whole package, double folding, four folding.
2. The sewing position of the label and the hanging method and order of the tag. For example, the sewing part of the label is sewn one centimeter in the middle of the back collar; the hanging method, order, front and back of the tag; the type, length, color of the gun needle, etc.
3. Requirements for packaging plastic bags, desiccants and cartons. Such as packaging tape quality, size, printing requirements; some require printing of style number, color, size and warning; Seven-layer box), box label (main label, side label), box with nails, box without nails, and barcode labeling.
Generally, the main label of the carton is printed with the customer name, order number, color, ratio, and 'Made in China'. The side labels have the gross weight and the length, width and height of the box.
Note: Regardless of whether the customer has clear requirements for the above content, it needs to be confirmed with the customer in advance.
Introduction to clothing labeling knowledge
1. Common clothing ingredient identification
(1) Natural fibers
Cotton is a natural plant fiber. Its fabric has the characteristics of moisture absorption, breathability, softness and comfort. It is often used in underwear, children's clothing and casual clothing. Cotton garments are easy to wrinkle, shrink easily, and are not stiff enough. In order to improve the wearing performance, all-cotton fabrics usually adopt post-finishing technology to make the garments wrinkle-resistant and shrink-resistant.
Flax is a natural plant fiber, and its fabric has the advantages of moisture absorption, air permeability, good thermal conductivity, and is not easy to fit. It is mostly used as a summer clothing fabric. Linen fabrics without special treatment are rough and irritating when worn, so linen garments are mostly washed, softened and finished to make the fabric soft and comfortable.
Silk is a natural animal protein fiber. It is smooth, soft and shiny. Its fabric is mostly used as summer clothing fabric. It is comfortable and cool to wear, light and breathable, noble and elegant. In order to avoid fading and brittleness of the fabric, it should not be exposed to the sun after washing.
Wool is a natural animal protein fiber. Its fabric has the characteristics of soft hand feeling, warmth and wear resistance, elasticity and not easy to fold. It is often used to make coats, suits, sweaters, etc. Wool clothing should be protected from mildew and insects. Coats and suits should be dry cleaned. Woolen sweaters should be washed in cold water. Avoid rubbing hard to prevent wool felting. Common wool fibers include Merino wool, Lambs wool, Angola, Mohair, Camelhair and so on.
Cashmere is the fine wool of goats, which is a natural animal protein fiber. The Asian Kashmir region has historically been a distribution center for cashmere exports to Europe, so it is customary to call cashmere 'Kashmir Cashmere' internationally. Because of its scarcity and excellent tactility, cashmere is known as 'fiber queen' and 'soft gold'. Cashmere fabric has the characteristics of slenderness, lightness, softness, smoothness and warmth, and is often used in high-end clothing fabrics.
(2) Chemical fibers
1. Man-made fibers
Is the general term for viscose fiber. Viscose is a regenerated cellulose fiber produced from cotton or other natural fibers. It is divided into cotton type, wool type and filament type, commonly known as rayon, artificial wool and rayon. Tencel and bamboo fibers are both new varieties of high-grade viscose fibers that have emerged in recent years.
Acetate (Acetate Fiber)
Also known as acetate fiber, it is woven from the softest part of the wood, melted into silk, and used for lining.
It is a kind of viscose fiber. Also known as rayon, commonly known as 'artificial cotton'. In the United States FTC fiber classification, all those using recycled fiber molecules as raw materials and the hydrogen content in the hydroxyl group does not exceed 15% are considered Rayon.
It is the brand name of LYOCELL fiber produced by British Acocdis Company. The Chinese trademark is 'Tencel', which is a kind of man-made cellulose fiber. Tencel fiber uses pure natural materials as raw materials, and the manufacturing process meets the requirements of environmental protection, which can be called the 'green fiber' of the 21st century. With the comfort of cotton, the strength of polyester, the luxurious beauty of wool and the unique touch and drape performance of silk, its fabrics are widely used in underwear, denim fabrics, skirt materials and knitted garments.
It is a brand-new cellulose fiber. The raw material is made of European beech wood, which is pulped and spun. It does not produce serious environmental problems like viscose fiber during the fiber production process. It is green and environmentally friendly like Tencel fiber. Fiber, but its price is only half of Tencel fiber. Modal fiber fabric has better moisture absorption and air permeability than pure cotton fabric. The fabric blended and interwoven with cotton and polyester has silky luster, good drape, soft and smooth hand feeling, excellent dimensional stability and durability, and is suitable for making high-end clothing and popular fashion The fabric of choice.
Bamboo (Bamboo Fiber)
Bamboo fiber is a new type of regenerated cellulose fiber developed and industrialized by our country. It is a cellulose fiber extracted from natural bamboo, which can absorb and evaporate water in an instant, so it is praised by experts as 'breathable fiber' 'The fabric woven from this fiber has strong moisture absorption, good air permeability, cool feeling, strong abrasion resistance and good dyeing performance. At the same time, it has natural antibacterial, antibacterial, anti-mite, deodorant and Anti-ultraviolet function.
2. Synthetic fiber
Polyester (polyester fiber)
Abbreviated as PET, commonly known as Terylene, is a synthetic fiber widely used in clothing fabrics. Polyester fabric has the advantages of stiff drape, smoothness and comfort, bright colors and not easy to fade. The disadvantage is that it is not breathable, does not absorb sweat, and is prone to static electricity. Polyester garments are easy to wash and maintain, machine wash or hand wash. It is easy to deform when exposed to heat, so the temperature should not be too high during ironing. Ironing at medium temperature.
Acrylic (polyacrylonitrile fiber)
Also known as acrylic, commonly known as acrylic, artificial wool. Polyacrylonitrile (Polyacrylonitrile) is very similar to wool in performance, with good elasticity, softness, warmth, and strength, but poor air permeability.
Polyamide (polyamide fiber)
Abbreviated as PA, commonly known as nylon (Nylon), also known as nylon, it is the chemical fiber with the best dyeing performance, has the characteristics of waterproof and windproof, abrasion resistance, elasticity, but poor heat and light resistance. The socks we wear on our feet are often made of nylon.
Abbreviated as PU, the scientific name is Polyurethane. It is a kind of elastic fiber with good elasticity and smooth hand feeling. The ratio of spandex used in general clothes is small. Mainly used for clothing that can be stretched to meet comfort requirements. Such as: professional sportswear, fitness clothing, swimwear, bras and suspenders, jeans, socks, underwear, etc. Machine washable, poor heat resistance.
It is a trade name of INVISTA, a former wholly-owned subsidiary of DuPont. Due to DuPont's monopoly in the spandex field, Lycra has become synonymous with almost all spandex yarns. Lycra fiber is very elastic and can be stretched 4 to 7 times freely. But it is generally not used alone, and can be interwoven with any other man-made or natural fibers. It greatly improves the hand feel, drape and crease recovery ability of the fabric, and improves the comfort and fit of various clothes. Lycra has a wide range of applications, such as swimwear, gym suits, underwear, customized jackets, suits, skirts, pants, sweaters, etc. Unlike most spandex yarns, Lycra has a special chemical structure and will not grow mildew in a sealed space with humidity and heat. At present, as long as the clothing that adopts Lycra will be hung with a triangle tag (see the picture below), this tag has also become a symbol of high quality.
Abbreviated as PP, it is a synthetic fiber made from polypropylene, and is the Chinese trade name of isotactic polypropylene fiber. Polypropylene fiber has the characteristics of high strength, abrasion resistance, and corrosion resistance. It can be spun purely or blended with wool, cotton or viscose to make various clothing materials. It can also be used for all kinds of knitwear such as socks, gloves, sweaters, knitted pants, dishcloths, mosquito nets, wet diapers, etc. The quilt made of polypropylene hollow fiber has the characteristics of light weight, warmth and good elasticity.
Lurex (metal wire)
Also known as Lurex, gold and silver yarn, metal wire, it is the brand name of plastic sheathed aluminum wire. The fabric with metal wire has a special metallic luster, and it is a more popular new fabric in recent years.
2. Clothing size specifications
When buying clothes, we are often confused about the size labels on the clothes and have no way of starting. Most consumers do not know what specifications are suitable for them. In this respect, the labels of many manufacturers are not standardized, causing confusion and inconvenience to confirm. On the other hand, many people do not understand the specifications of our country.
(1) What is the size?
Under normal circumstances, the size of adult men's and women's clothing is expressed by the size system. For example, when we look closely at the trademark of the coat, we often find a small label next to the trademark, which may read '160/84A'. This is the size and specifications of the clothing. So, what does the number type mean?
The clothing size is in centimeters and includes three parts: 'number', 'type', and 'body type code'. Among them, 'number' represents the height of the human body, which is the basis for designing and choosing the length of clothing. 'Type' refers to the net bust or waist circumference of the human body, which is the basis for designing and buying clothes for weight and weight. Usually the upper garment is indicated by the bust circumference, and the bottom garment is indicated by the waist circumference. 'Body type code' indicates the body type. The '160/84A' mentioned above means that the 'number' is 160 cm, the 'type' is 84 cm, and the 'body type code' is A body type.
In the series of national standard numbers, the 'number' is the height, which is divided by 5 cm. In this way, men are divided into 7 levels according to 155, 160, 165, 170, 175, 180, 185, and 190. Women are divided into 7 levels according to 145, 150, 155, 160, 165, 170, and 175. 'Type' is generally the bust, which can be divided into 4 cm or 2 cm. There are four types of 'body code': Y, A, B, and C, which are classified according to the difference between bust circumference and waist circumference. Body Y is wide-shouldered and thin-waisted (thin or very muscular), body A is generally normal, body B is slightly protruding abdomen (fat body), and body C is obese. For men’s size, if the difference is between 2 and 6 cm, it is a body type C; if the difference is between 7 and 11 cm, it is a B body type; if the difference is between 12 and 16 cm, it is a body type A; Between 17 and 22 cm, it is Y-shaped. In women’s size, if the difference is between 4 and 8 cm, it is body type C; if the difference is between 9 and 13 cm, it is B body type; if the difference is between 14 and 18 cm, it is body type A; Between 19 and 24 cm, it is Y-shaped. There are more types A and B in the population, accounting for about 70%; followed by type Y, accounting for about 20%; type C is less, less than 10%.
If a lady's height is 166 cm, chest circumference is 87 cm, waist circumference is 64 cm, then the blouse can choose the size of 165/88Y. Because the 'number' closest to 166 is 165, and the 'type' closest to 87 is 88. And 87-64=23, belonging to the Y body type. Bottoms (such as skirts, pants) can choose 165/64Y size specifications. According to this calculation, you can find the most suitable size and specifications for you. However, remember that when measuring waist and bust by yourself, you must measure it close to your body, not too tight or too loose, so that the size you get is accurate.
(Two), special specifications
In addition to the size system, some garments have their own special specifications. Men's shirts are one of the most representative. Everyone knows that the most important thing about men's shirts is the collar. The collar should not be too loose from the neck to look uncomfortable; nor should it be close to the neck, making it uncomfortable to move. Therefore, the shirt should be added with a collar as a clothing specification. When buying a shirt, the salesperson will ask you what size you wear? 40 or 41? Here 40 and 41 are the collar circumference of the shirt. But how do you know which neckline you are suitable for? There are two methods here. The first is to measure the neck circumference, which is to measure the circumference of the neck at the position of the Adam's apple, and then add 2 cm to the required neck circumference. In addition, look at the back of the shirt box. Regular brand shirts all have a size chart. Check the size chart to find the corresponding collar! Generally refer to the following table:
Size 165/80 170/84 170/88 175/92 175/96 180/100 180/104 185/108 185/112
Neckline 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Casual clothing is generally used for a long time, and symbols such as S, M, L, and XL are often used to indicate specifications. However, while marking the symbols such as S and M, the number type mark must be present.
For men of standard size, M generally corresponds to 165, L corresponds to 170, XL corresponds to 175, and so on; for women of standard size, M generally corresponds to 160, L corresponds to 165, XL corresponds to 170, and so on. If you are thin, you can consider a smaller size of clothing, if you are fat, you can consider a larger size of clothing.
Pants sometimes use 27, 28, 29 to indicate specifications, and these are in inches. 1 inch = 2.54 cm, and 1 meter = 3 feet (market feet). For pants, there is a simple conversion formula, inch-7 = market inch. If it is 29 pants, the waist circumference is 29-7=22 inches, that is, the waist circumference is 2.2 feet, or 74 cm.
Ladies' bras are also a special kind of clothing. The bra adopts the specifications of the lower bust circumference and the cup type. For example, 75B refers to a bra with a B cup circumference of 75 cm under the chest. The cup types are numbered in the order of A, B, C, D, and E. A is a small girl-shaped cup. The larger the cup, the more plump it is.
After consumers learn to recognize the specifications, they can easily find the size to try on, or they can accurately select the specifications when they cannot try on. Especially in the Internet age, online shopping requires more knowledge of clothing size specifications.
Three, washing and ironing signs
Can be wringed out Can not be wringed out Can not be scrubbed with a scrubbing board
Hand wash must be careful. Only hand wash, not water wash. Be careful when wet
Suitable for washing with all dry cleaning solvents, machine washable, light hand wash, not machine washable, detergent temperature below 30℃
The water temperature is 40℃, the mechanical normal washing water temperature is 40℃, the mechanical effect is weak, the normal washing water temperature is 40℃, the strength is weak during washing and dehydration
When washing and dehydrating at the highest water temperature of 50℃, the strength should be gradually weakened. The water temperature is 60℃, and mechanical regular washing. The highest water temperature is 60℃ when washing and dehydrating.
It can be ironed. The ironing temperature cannot exceed 110℃. The ironing temperature cannot exceed 150℃.
Ironing temperature should not exceed 200℃
No steam ironing No ironing Dry in the shade
Clothes need to be hung dry, clothes need to be dried in the shade, drip dry
Chlorine bleaching is possible, chlorine bleaching is not allowed, can be turned over and dried at low temperature
Can be turned and dried in a regular cycle Can be placed in a tumble dryer for processing Cannot be dry cleaned
Only light gasoline and trichlorotrifluoroethane can be used for washing, and the dry cleaning process is not required. Only light gasoline and trichlorotrifluoroethane can be used for washing, and the dry cleaning process has requirements. Suitable for tetrachloroethylene, trichlorofluoromethane, light weight Gasoline and trichloroethane washing
Dry cleaning time is short, low temperature dry cleaning, reduce moisture when dry cleaning
3. Health and safety indicators of textile products
Generally, in order to make clothes more smooth, with higher wrinkle resistance and firmer color, non-iron garments will use formaldehyde-containing garment finishing agents in the garment making process, which may easily cause excessive formaldehyde. If you wear clothes with excessive formaldehyde for a long time, free formaldehyde will volatilize along with the friction between the clothes and the human body, and slowly accumulate after being inhaled into the human body, causing respiratory diseases and even the risk of cancer. In addition, denim clothing often has unqualified pH values. If the pH value of the clothing exceeds the standard, it will irritate the skin and even cause skin infections.
The most lethal substance in clothing is the decomposable aromatic amine. Aromatic amine azo dyes that may cause cancer are mostly found in brightly colored women’s and children’s clothing. If azo dyes come into contact with the human body for a long time, they will be absorbed by the skin, diffuse and react in the human body, and decompose more than 20 kinds of carcinogenic aromatic amines. After the toxic dye is made into clothing, it is insoluble in water, colorless and tasteless. It can only be detected by professional technology, and it is difficult for consumers to find its traces. Because of this, decomposable aromatic amines are banned internationally.
The easiest way to buy healthy and harmless clothing is to look for the Chinese characters on the tag that says 'in compliance with GB18401'.
GB18401 is the abbreviation of the national compulsory standard GB18401-2003 'National Basic Safety Technical Specifications for Textile Products', which will be enforced on January 1, 2005. The specification divides all products included in the scope of control into three major categories, category A: infant products; category B: products that directly contact the skin; category C: products that do not directly contact the skin. Due to the different end uses of different products, the degree of harm to the human body will also vary greatly. Therefore, according to different types of products, detailed regulations have been made on five health and safety indicators such as formaldehyde content, pH value, color fastness (water, sweat, etc.), odor, and decomposition of aromatic amine dyes. Judging from the strictness of the regulations, Class A>Class B>Class C. For example, the formaldehyde content should be less than 20mg/kg for type A, less than 75mg/kg for type B, and less than 300mg/kg for type C.